UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is the specialized agency of the United Nations that was established to promote international cooperation in fields of intellectual activity including education, culture and science for the peace and development of the world after World War II in 1945. As of 2016, UNESCO has 195 member states and nine associate member countries. The Korean National Commission for UNESCO was founded in 1954. The Korean National Commission for UNESCO enacts international agreements, holds international conferences, publishes data, reports World Heritage status on a regular basis, performs monitoring for reactions, and operates the World Heritage Fund.
A World Heritage is a heritage on the World Heritage List in accordance with the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of UNESCO in 1972. The World Heritage List, including property heritages in each country with general and distinguished values for humanity, is classified into Cultural Heritage, Natural Heritage and Mixed Heritage, containing both cultural and natural values. 。
Baekje Historic Areas
Baekje Historic Areas comprises the archaeological site closely connected to the royal palace of Baekje. A World Heritage site in the middle west of Korea, it includes the royal palace, temple sites, royal tombs and fortress representing civilization in the late Baekje period when Baekje reached its peak in terms of cultural development.
- Historic sites in Gongju related to the capital during the Ungjin period
- Gongsanseong fortress has acted as a royal fortress since it was built along the Geumgang river.
- Songsan-ri Ancient Tombs, royal tombs of Baekje during the Ungjin period
- Historic sites in Buyeo related to the capital during the Sabi period
- Busosanseong fortress and Gwanbuk-ri historic site, the royal palace site during the Sabi period
- The Jeongnimsa temple site demonstrating the origin of temple architecture on a flat geographical area in ancient East Asia
- Neungsan-ri old tombs, the royal tombs of Baekje during the Sabi period
- Naseong, the best example of the capital city in ancient East Asia
- Iksan historic site related to the secondary capital during the Sabi period
- Archaeological Site in Wanggung-ri as an exemplary case of royal palace structure in ancient East Asia
- The Mireuksa temple site, the largest temple site in East Asia
- Archaeological Site in Wanggung-ri MORE Mireuksa Temple Site MORE
Description of World Heritages
|World Heritage||Baekje Historic Areas|
|Country||Republic of Korea|
|Location||Gongju-si & Buyeo-gun in Chungcheongnam-do, Iksan-si in Jeollabuk-do|
|Date of Inscription||July 8, 2015|
The archaeological sites and architecture in the Baekje Historic Areas verify the development of Baekje construction techniques and the expansion of Buddhism through the interchange between the ancient East Asian kingdoms in Korea, China and Japan.
The positions of the capital cities, Buddhist temples and tombs, architectural features and stone pagodas in the Baekje HIstoric Areas definitely demonstrate the unique culture, religion and artistry of the Baekje kingdom.
|Summary||Located in the mountainous mid-western region of the Republic of Korea, the historic sites in the three capital cities represent the later period of the ancient Baekje kingdom, which enjoyed its cultural peak through frequent exchanges with neighboring countries. Baekje is one of the three kingdoms on the Korean peninsula and was an ancient kingdom that existed for 700 years from its founding in 18 BC to its collapse in 660.
The Baekje Historic Areas comprise eight archaeological sites distributed in three regions, Gongju-si, Buyeo-gun and Iksan-si, including Gongsanseong Fortress and the Songsan-ri old tombs related to the Unjinseong capital in Gongju, Gwanbuk-ri historic site (Gwanbuk-ri royal palace site) and Busosanseong Fortress related to Sabiseong capital in Buyeo, Jeongnimsa temple site, Neungsan-ri old tombs, Buyeon Naseong, Archaeological Site in Wanggung-ri and Mireuksa temple site in Iksan, the second capital of Baekje during the Sabi period. These historic sites testify to the history of the Baekje kingdom between 475 and 660.
The Baekje Historic Areas verify that Baekje introduced and internalized the principles of city planning, construction technology, arts and religion from China and demonstrate that the refined culture of Baekje through such development was distributed to Japan and other countries in East Asia.